Advancing Public and Population Health

  • Population health encompasses the health outcomes of a group of individuals, including the distribution of outcomes within the group. Population health workers assess the health status of a specific population or community and attend to health concerns that may disproportionately affect it. Valuable stakeholders include government, healthcare providers, public and private payers, and public health organizations.
  • Concurrently, public health efforts aim to protect and improve the health of people and communities by promoting healthy lifestyles, researching disease and injury prevention, and detecting, preventing and responding to chronic illnesses and infectious diseases. Traditionally, the role of advancing public health has fallen on state and local public health departments.
  • Advancing public health and population health efforts will be critical to overcoming the problems that drive poor health outcomes and in turn will facilitate supporting healthy communities. Communities must learn how to identify linkages with existing mobile/telehealth/social media technologies. The drive toward smart cities and communities may be most impactful in advancing public and population health, particularly when they are able to interoperate across core health, human services and non-health sector systems, including the following six critical domains:
    • Emergency medical services
    • Environmental health
    • Health systems (including public health)
    • Human and social services
    • Public safety
    • Transportation